Which means that slaves must be obedient to the masters, and are not to be Eye-servants. Unsurprisingly, therefore, literacy rates were higher in those areas where Christianity was stronger (cf. Yet, African Americans resisted very little to conversion; it was only a matter of time before the slaves began to assume Christian identities. This was certainly prompted by the missionaries' belief in the equal value of all human beings (see Woodberry & Shah 2004:53). [ Links ], Geering, L. 2002. [ Links ], Tutu, D. 1990. The singing of Nkosi sikelel'i Afrika 'God bless Africa' during the struggle against apartheid was, in itself, inspirational (Walshe 1991:30). Lack of scientific outlook: 1 This is a reworked paper that was presented at the 2013 Africa Conference under the theme, Social Movements, Religion, and Political Expression in Africa, held at the University of Texas at Austin, USA. The Church in South Africa: church history outline. I have also used information from other countries to substantiate certain significant facts. Religion in Africa and the harmful effects ... Christianity and Islam are the cause of almost all the wars and tribal conflicts in Africa today. This column, taken from a recent Vox eBook, looks at the effects of the Christian missionary activity that expanded throughout African countries from the middle of the 19th century. Great hub. Pretoria. This decision was founded on the demeaning misconception, held by some white missionaries and their masters, that Africans were either sub-human or less than human. [ Links ], Pieterse, HJC.2001. As far as education is concerned, this article recognises that education that focuses on holistic human development is a positive force, and a force that was introduced by Christianity. This is how Christianity became a lifestyle, and this is especially true in sub-Saharan Africa. Practical Theology in South Africa 20(2), 53-71. Journal of Democracy 15, 47-61. While some missionary enterprises focused exclusively on evangelisation, missionaries such as Livingstone displayed a holistic approach to the missionary enterprise. You must “love him with all your heart, with all your mind, with all your soul, and with all your strength.” Other godly duties include: worship through prayer, fear, reverence of God, and truth. New perspectives on the history of African Christianity. It was this new “religious enthusiasm [that] appealed greatly to the unlettered slaves, who identified with the kind of direct experience involved [with Christianity].” (Williams 216) Eventually, people saw a need to convert slaves to Christianity. Impact of Christianity in respect of education in sub-Saharan Africa, Christianity, as a book religion and as an institution concerned with moral life of the black people has made a significant contribution in the genesis and continued development of formal western education in sub-Saharan Africa. Bacon, Thomas, “Christianity Shapes American Slavery.” Religion in American history: A Reader. Therefore, the Christian ideals that were overheard were open to interpretation. General Education was the responsibility of missionary societies and "was to be primarily concerned with reading and writing with a view to proselytise and to train African teachers" (Urch 1971:254). A decade later, in the 1940s, Dr Xuma, a Christian medical practitioner, was the ANC President. Pula: Botswana Journal of African Studies 12(1&2), 44-57. International Review of Mission 59(233), 39-54. Missionaries also saw themselves as protectors of Africans' human rights, and suspected that the proposed arrangement to side line mission education was simply a way of ensuring that the settlers could more efficiently exploit the people of Africa (Urch 1971:255). Unpublished paper presented at the 2013 Congress of the Society for Practical Theology in South Africa at the North-West University in Potchefstroom from 23-25 January 2013. South Africa is however a democratic country in which freedom of speech is guaranteed. Walshe (1991:30) ably shows how ANC leaders drew on Christian values in the struggle for equality and justice in general. This reduced the number of people who would have been Muslims and African traditionalists. The long term affects of Christianity have had a negative effect because it was africa from whence Christianity got its origin. 2000. All of them were imbedded in positive and negative categories as explained by;-The missionary societies converted the west African people and generally in the whole of Africa into Christianity. Williams, Peter. 3) Duty and behavior toward fellow servants. 2) You [slaves] have souls that need to be saved. However, not all went well for the missionary societies as far as education was concerned: by 1918, it was found that these societies were not complying with the education mandate put forward by the colonial authorities. Christianity without God. This is an example of Christian missionary work in sub-Saharan Africa giving many of the people living in the region an opportunity to lead a meaningful life. Slaves had to be faithful and honest to their masters. Referring to the contribution of mainline churches to education, Gifford writes: "[they] have a long and important history in Africa, and their contribution to health and education is well known. That said, members of Pentecostal/healing churches were less likely to get infected because of their churches' strict teaching against premarital and extra-marital sex. [ Links ], Hinchliff, P. 1968. Geering 2002:19). Available: www.thefree-dictionary.com/Sub-Saharan+Africa. Accessed on 2012/11/19. Regeneration as espoused by Christianity constitutes something of great value. In later years, black Africans managed to salvage, at massive cost (including death), their self-respect, self-love and pride in their blackness, largely thanks to the Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa and elsewhere in Africa. Sacrament and sacredness: perspectives on human dignity in South Africa. Definition of "sub-Saharan Africa". Walls, a former missionary in Sierra Leone and Professor Emeritus of the study of Christianity in the non-western world at the University of Edinburgh, views the twentieth century as "the most remarkable of the Christian centuries since the first" (Walls 2000:17). Tom Manthata, an outspoken apartheid critic and community leader, strongly denounced the despicable way in which the apartheid government took over the church school system in the 1950s (Nolan 2000:26-27). Pg. When the body of Christ has AIDS: a theological metaphor for global solidarity in light of HIV and AIDS. According to Hinchcliff (1968:87), Lovedale provided general education for black and white pupils, education that was aimed at ensuring that the pupils better understood one another. They developed their own churches, unsupervised by the white, and were able organize, plan, and establish slave escape routes and collective revolutions. From President Zuma's critical utterances and the defence offered in favour of Christianity, it is clear that the influence of Christianity on Africans' lives is extremely significant.
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