“I may sometimes be willing to teach for nothing, but if paid at all, I shall never do a man’s work for less than a man’s pay,” Barton said later. Visitors to Clara Barton National Historic Site can gain a sense of how Barton lived and worked. For almost 100 years, women (and men) had been fighting for women’s suffrage: They had made speeches, signed ...read more, American suffragist Alice Paul (1885-1977) was born into a prominent Quaker family in New Jersey. She also suffered from depression, although nothing rallied her more than an urgent call for help. Her experiences as a nurse during the Crimean War were foundational in her views about sanitation. On Election Day in 1920, millions of American women exercised this right for the first time. On April 19, 1861, the Baltimore Riot resulted in the first bloodshed of the American Civil War. [2] He was a soldier under the command of General Anthony Wayne in his crusade against the Indians in the northwest. Though often described as shy, Barton felt an urgency to care for the injured and brought them food, clothing and other necessities. Clarissa Harlowe Barton (December 25, 1821 – April 12, 1912) was a pioneering American nurse who founded the American Red Cross. The principal of the institute recognized her tremendous abilities and admired her work. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. She would read books to them, write letters to their families for them, talk to them, and support them. [31] In 1897, responding to the humanitarian crisis in the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of the Hamidian massacres, Barton sailed to Constantinople and after long negotiations with Abdul Hamid II, opened the first American International Red Cross headquarters in the heart of Turkey. After her countrywide tour she was both mentally and physically exhausted and under doctor's orders to go somewhere that would take her far from her current work. Your historic records will show that the old Huguenot town of Oxford, Mass. Her writings and bodies of work could instruct the local statesmen. She came from a privileged background and decided early in life to fight for equal rights for women. After receiving a formal education, Barton became a teacher at the age of 15. There was no more to be done for him and I left him to his rest. The Barton Center For Diabetes Education, Inc. Clara Barton, A Register of Her Papers in the Library of Congress, Battle of Fairfax Court House (June 1861), Battle of Fairfax Court House (June 1863), 45th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, St. Mary's Church (Fairfax Station, Virginia), William Gunnell House (Fairfax, Virginia), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Clara_Barton&oldid=989709505, People of Massachusetts in the American Civil War, Hall of Fame for Great Americans inductees, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Appleton's Cyclopedia, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Nurse, humanitarian, founder and first president of the American Red Cross, Clara Barton Elementary School in Levittown, Pennsylvania, Clara Barton Elementary on Del Amo Boulevard in, Clara Barton Elementary School in Chicago, Clara Barton Elementary School in Rochester NY, Clara Barton School, in Cabin John, Maryland, now the Clara Barton Community Center, Clara Barton Home and Gardens, Johnstown, PA, Clara Barton, a Norwegian Air Boeing 737-8MAX (part of Norwegian's "Tailfin Heroes" series), Clara Barton District, a regional association of, Ardalan, Christine. Did Clara ever marry? https://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/clara-barton. [18], In 1864, she was appointed by Union General Benjamin Butler as the "lady in charge" of the hospitals at the front of the Army of the James. [6], She began to play with her boy cousins and to their surprise, she was good at keeping up with such activities as horseback riding. Although not formally a member of the Universalist Church of America,[35] in a 1905 letter to the widow of Carl Norman Thrasher, she identified herself with her parents' church as a "Universalist".[36]. My best wishes for the success of your annual meeting, and accept my thanks most sincerely for having written me. I wonder if a soldier ever does mend a bullet hole in his coat?”, Barton made a profound impression on Union army surgeons at Antietam. He made a full recovery.[5]. She began helping them by personally taking supplies to the unfinished Capitol Building where the young men of the 6th Massachusetts Militia, who had been attacked in Baltimore, Maryland, were housed. The boardinghouse became 437 ½ Seventh Street Northwest (formerly 488-1/2 Seventh Street West). [6] Barton became more timid and depressed and would not eat. Wanting to serve her country, Barton went to the railroad station when the victims arrived and nursed 40 men. It wasn’t until after she had injured herself that Clara’s mother began to question her playing with the boys. After dropping off her wagon load of medical supplies to grateful surgeons struggling to make bandages out of corn husks, she worked long into the night assisting the surgeons, cooking food for the soldiers and tending the wounded, despite nearby cannon fire and bullets flying overhead. Barton’s efforts didn’t go unnoticed, and President Abraham Lincoln selected her as General Correspondent for the Friends of Paroled Prisoners. She almost singlehandedly changed the widely-held viewpoint that women were too weak to help on battlefields. She died at her home in Glen Echo, Maryland, on April 12, 1912. [17], In 1863 she began a romantic relationship with an officer, Colonel John J. At the close of the war, she received honorable decorations of the Golden Cross of Baden and the Prussian Iron Cross.[26]. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! For three years, she received much abuse and slander from male clerks. Facts about Clara Barton. But even her best efforts couldn’t conquer the disease and infection so rampant in warfare. Both women were making $250 a year. Elwell. In this college, she developed many friendships that broadened her point of view on many issues concurring at the time. She learned how to distribute the prescribed medication to her brother, as well as how to place leeches on his body to bleed him (a standard treatment at the time). [40] The Clara Barton's Missing Soldiers Office Museum, run by the National Museum of Civil War Medicine, opened in 2015.

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